Springer spaniels, like all breeds of dogs, grow quickly.
This is a genetic feature of dogs and stems from a need for a vulnerable young puppy to develop rapidly into a strong and capable adult dog.
Springer spaniels are normally fully grown by age 18 months. Every dog is different and some spaniels make take longer to reach physical maturity, it is rare for a spaniel to be fully grown at much younger. Other factors can affect growth such as quality of food and general care, exercise, illness and family lines.
How big are Springer spaniels when fully grown?
A fully grown Springer spaniel adult is typically between 55 and 65cm in height, with a weight of between 18 and 38kg.
Female Springer spaniels are normally smaller than males but there can be exceptions to this – I once had a female English Springer that was stronger and larger than many males – this was due to the size of her mother and father and historic family members.
When talking about Springer sizes it is also important to remember that there are two common types of Springer – The English Springer and the Welsh Springer.
Age wise both breeds mature at approximately the same age.
The English springer spaniel is normally larger and stockier than the Welsh springer although the differences are very small.
What can affect the growth of a Springer spaniel?
A common cause of poor growth in spaniels is malnutrition.
Dogs that consistently under-eat or are fed poor quality food may fail to reach full height and weight.
Environmental factors such as lack of light during winter months can also affect the development of a young dog.
Other factors such as illness, lack of exercise and family genetics – such as size of parents and grandparents can also affect the growth of a spaniel.
Worms can cause problems
All dogs need regular worming and your vet can recommend the right treatment for your Springer and the frequency of doses.
Worms can be very problematic for puppies and, if allowed to develop, they will rob your dog of vital nutritional content and could make him ill.
You should develop a worming routine, following your vet’s guidance, to both prevent your spaniel from becoming unwell and to also help him to grow, maintain weight and stay fit and healthy.
Worm infestations can be treated using different types of medication depending on the type and severity of the problem.
Springer spaniels need to run around
Dogs, like humans, need exercise and a lack of activity will lead to weight problems and sometimes even illness.
You should ensure that your Springer puppy gets plenty of exercise – at least twice a day, taking him out to play with his toys or for walks.
Ideally your Springer spaniel should be walked most days at either early morning or evening time, giving him the opportunity to build muscles, develop bones and joints and learn social skills.
Exercise is a vital part of a spaniel’s life, not only does it help him to burn off calories but it also provides him with opportunities to learn about the world around him, become socially aware and behaved and to develop into a healthy, well rounded dog.
What happens if a Springer spaniel does not grow properly?
If a young dog is poorly fed or malnourished it can cause problems with his bones and joints, developing painful conditions such as arthritis.
A lack of exercise is also a common cause of bone and joint damage in dogs.
Poor growth is sometimes linked to inherited diseases and any of these problems will need immediate treatment, alongside plenty of exercise and good quality dog food.
If not treated, your Springer spaniel could experience problems throughout his life.
Feeding your Springer spaniel
Good, balanced nutrition is vital for the healthy growth of your Springer from being a puppy and throughout his adult life.
There are many options available and most dog food manufacturers produce ranges of foods that allow for progression throughout your dog’s life – from puppy food right through to food for older, less active dogs.
Finding the best food can often seem like a minefield to the new owner due to the vast range of choices and, if you are in any doubt or confused then often the breeder of your puppy will be able to recommend a good food.
Other trustworthy sources of advice are your vet, the Kennel Club and breed societies.
In terms of dog food you should always aim to feed your spaniel the best food that you can afford, this is an area that you should give priority to to give your dog the best chances of healthy growth and development.
Puppies should be fed at least three times a day with an amount that will depend on his size, age and exercise levels.
My choice of dog foods for Springer spaniels
How much should you feed your Springer spaniel for healthy growth?
From 4 to 6 weeks of age puppies should start to eat solid food in addition to milk feeds.
Depending on their rate of growth, or lack of it, you can start to reduce their daily milk intake.
As they grow and develop adult spaniels will need between 1-3 cups of food per day depending on size, age, rate of growth and activity levels.
A young puppy will need more than an older dog of the same breed so, before introducing him to his new diet, you will need to ensure that his bowels and stomach can cope with solid food.
Introduce him to dry dog foods by mixing it with the milk he is used to until his body adjusts.
If your spaniel has any health issues or special requirements then your vet should be able to advise you further on the best food for him.
How can you be sure that your new spaniel is growing well?
Until your dog is 12 weeks old, it will be difficult to assess his rate of growth as puppies grow rapidly at this age.
From 3 months until 2 years of age you should aim to be able to feel his ribs when he is relaxed, but still feel that there is a small amount of fat covering them – if they protrude too much your puppy may not be eating enough food.
If you are at all concerned then take him to see your vet.
As long as he is alert, bright and interested in his surroundings then the chances are that he is growing at a normal rate for his breed.
What should you do if you think your spaniel is not growing properly?
If you are concerned that your puppy or dog is not growing at a healthy rate then it is important to take him to the vet for an assessment.
The vet will advise you on whether there may be any health issues involved and can recommend appropriate diet plans to help him grow into a happy, healthy adult.
Good diet and regular exercise will ensure that your Springer spaniel is healthy and happy.
While you won’t be able to change any genetic predispositions for certain bone or joint problems, it is important to feed him a good quality food and give him plenty of fun and interesting activities so he enjoys life and stays fit and well throughout his long lifetime.
As with all things dog and pet related, if you have any concerns about your Springer’s development or overall health, then you should always contact and take the professional advice of your vet.
Last update on 2021-10-24 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API